Acne Scars: An Overview & How To Deal With It Effectively

Acne Scars

Similar to how you feel when your favorite TV show just ended, the effects of acne scars can last much longer than it should. There are different types of acne, which include mild, occasional breakouts up to severe conditions such as cysts.  Eighty five percent of people will experience acne at some point in their lives.

The American Academy of Dermatology estimated over $3 billion had been spent on acne treatments. Severe acne scarring after breakouts can cause a decrease in self-esteem because the scars are often located in visible areas such as the face.

What causes acne scars?

Acne scars are most commonly the result of inflamed pimples, red pimples with white centers or cysts. The most severe scarring you can get is from nodules, which are pus-filled cysts or lumps. It is more likely to leave you with permanent scars compared to the mild or moderate acne because it affects deeper layers of the skin.

What Causes Acne?

Generally, some people are more prone to acne more than others. Check out if you fall in the category. Also, certain factors cause acnes, and you need to know what are those before proceeding with the treatment for acne scars.

Hormonal Imbalance

These inflamed blemishes are usually seen due to hormone increase during teenage years because it causes the oil gland to plug up more often.

Genetics

If you have a family history of acne, you are most probably going to have acne because it is in your genetics.

Greasy makeup

Not cleaning properly after a whole day of makeup can clog up your pores and cause inflammation.

How can you spot an acne scar?

Many people wrongly identify acne scars as the red or brown spots on their skin. In fact, these dark spots are known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. These spots last for anywhere between 3-6 months. It will also eventually fade out on its own. However, you can also use sunscreen and vitamin C serums to fasten the process.

Real acne scars come in different shapes and forms. Some of it may be a hypertrophic scar, which occurs when there is excessive collagen during the healing process. Meanwhile, keloid scarring happens when scars have excessive skin tissue.  Some common forms of acne scars include atrophic or depressed scars. The main categories of these scars are ice pick, boxcar, and rolling scars.

How can you treat acne scars?

While dark spots can be treated with over the counter products, acne scars require more delicate handling and attention. You should speak to a professional dermatologist that can provide you with proper advice.

Here are several procedures that you can consider getting done for acne scars.

Chemical peels

This is a treatment, which helps reduce brown spots, congested pores and acne scars. Depending on how urgently you want to heal your scars, there are different strengths of peels available. Multiple sessions of chemical peeling are necessary to optimize the results. The effects of this treatment can be as fast as the same day as the peel.

Laser resurfacing

The laser treatment removes damaged top layer of the skin and can reduce the redness of the scars. Similar to chemical peels, this treatment provides numerous options for you depending on your lifestyle. Multiple sessions of laser resurfacing are also recommended, as it can be an intensive process. This process will usually take 3-10 days for you to see optimal results.

Dermal fillers

Hyaluronic acid is injected into depressed areas to elevate and smoothen the dented acne scars. These dermal fillers temporary and require multiple sessions to maximize the results. The most common side effect of fillers is bruising, bumps, itching and swelling but they are easily managed. Fillers are not a permanent solution, and you will most likely have to redo it every 9-12 months.

What’s next for you?

Depending on the type of acne scar you have, you can opt for over the counter products or meet with a dermatologist. While there are many different types of acne treatments available, a dermatologist can determine which treatments work best for you.

Once you have obtained a prescription from your dermatologist, make sure to adhere to it because most products take 4-8 weeks to work. Remember that there are no overnight cures to acne scarring. You should also continue using your prescribed skin care until your dermatologist tells you to stop using it.

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